When the Gold Rush happened in Kalgoorlie and places nearby there was absolutely no Water, many died. This was in the early 1890's.
So a pipeline and dam project begun which delivered and still does deliver potable water to communities in Western Ausralia's Eastern Goldfields, particularly Coolgardie and Kalgoorlie.
The project was commissioned in 1896 and was completed in 1903.
The pipeline continues to operate today, supplying water to over 100,000 people in over 33,000 households as well as mines, farms and other enterprises.
There was of course political upheaval, and more information to be found at this link [here] .
557klm is approximately how long the pipe is from Perth WA to Kalgoorlie. We followed this pipe for many klm.