It's situated on the Timor Sea and is the largest city in the sparsely populated Northern Territory, with a population of about 136,400.
Darwin was originally a pioneer outpost.
The Dutch visited Australia's northern coastline in the 1600s and created the first European maps of the area.
The Bombing of Darwin, also known as the Battle of Darwin on February 19, 1942 was both the first and the largest single attack ever mounted by a foreign power on Australia. On this day, 242 Japanese aircraft attacked ships in Darwin's harbour and the town's two airfields in an attenpt to prevent the Allies from using them as bases to contest the invasions of Timor and Java.
The town was only lightly defended and the Japanese inflicted heavy losses upon the Allied forces at little cost to themselves. The urban areas of Darwin also suffered some damage from the raids and there were a number of civilian casualties.
The raids were the first and largest of almost 100 air raids against Australia during 1942 - 43.
More on the Bombing of Darwin [ Here ]
Australian Naval Ship - Darwin.
The back of the War Memorial which faces the sea.
Below the front of.