Today is ANZAC Day in Australia, a day we especially remember service men and women who have served our country. ANZAC stands for Australian New Zealand. New Zealand is not a part of Australia and we here in Australia require a Passport when going to New Zealand.
ANZAC Day – 25 April – is probably Australia's most important national
occasion. It marks the anniversary of the first major military action
fought by Australian and New Zealand forces during the First World War.
When war broke out in 1914, Australia had been a federal commonwealth
for only 13 years. The new national government was eager to establish
its reputation among the nations of the world. In 1915 Australian and
New Zealand soldiers formed part of the allied expedition that set out
to capture the Gallipoli peninsula in order to open the Dardanelles to
the allied navies. The ultimate objective was to capture Constantinople
(now Istanbul in Turkey), the capital of the Ottoman Empire, an ally of
The Australian and New Zealand forces landed on Gallipoli on 25
April, meeting fierce resistance from the Ottoman Turkish defenders.
What had been planned as a bold stroke to knock Turkey out of the war
quickly became a stalemate, and the campaign dragged on for eight
months. At the end of 1915 the allied forces were evacuated, after both
sides had suffered heavy casualties and endured great hardships. Over
8,000 Australian soldiers had been killed. News of the landing on
Gallipoli had made a profound impact on Australians at home, and 25
April soon became the day on which Australians remembered the sacrifice
of those who had died in the war.
Although the Gallipoli campaign failed in its military objectives,
the Australian and New Zealand actions during the campaign left us all a
powerful legacy. The creation of what became known as the “Anzac
legend” became an important part of the identity of both nations,
shaping the ways they viewed both their past and their future.
At the Australian War Memorial, the ceremony takes place at about 5am and or 10.15 am
in the presence of people such as the prime minister and the governor
general. Each year the ceremony follows a pattern that is familiar to
generations of Australians.
A typical Anzac Day ceremony may include the following features:
an introduction, hymn, prayer, an address, laying of wreaths, a
recitation, the Last Post, a period of silence, either the Rouse or the
Reveille, and the national anthem. After the Memorial’s ceremony,
families often place red poppies beside the names of relatives on the
Memorial’s Roll of Honour, as they also do after Remembrance Day services.
Part of taken from the link